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Wednesday, August 12, 2020 | History

2 edition of Connections of the frontal cortex of the monkey found in the catalog.

Connections of the frontal cortex of the monkey

Wendell J. S. Krieg

Connections of the frontal cortex of the monkey

by Wendell J. S. Krieg

  • 282 Want to read
  • 27 Currently reading

Published by Thomas in Springfield, Ill .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Brain.,
  • Monkeys.

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliography.

    Statementillustrated by the author.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsQL937 .K73 1954
    The Physical Object
    Pagination299 p.
    Number of Pages299
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL6153510M
    LC Control Number54006566
    OCLC/WorldCa531338

    Interestingly, in macaques, the descending projections of the “old” primary motor cortex are present at birth, whereas the connections of the “new” motor cortex are formed over the first few months of life and mature at around 2 years of age [57,]. The latter coincides with the monkey's ability to produce fine finger movements for. The book starts with a review of the structure of the ventral frontal lobes in human and nonhuman primates and the current state of knowledge regarding the region's neurocircuitry. This is followed by a series of chapters addressing the precise functions of the orbitofrontal cortex, with coverage spanning animal and human research.

    Efferent cortical connections of the cingulate gyrus are investigated in rhesus monkey using autoradiographic technique. The results indicate that the rostralmost part of the cingulate gyrus (area 32) sends projections to the lateral prefrontal and midorbitofrontal cortex and to the rostral portion of the superior temporal gyrus. In contrast, the other two major subdivisions of the cingulate. In the monkey brain, this area receives strong feedforward connections from the primary visual cortex (V1) and sends strong projections to other secondary visual cortices (V3, V4, and V5). [29] [30] Most of the neurons of this area in primates are tuned to simple visual characteristics such as orientation, spatial frequency, size, color, and shape.

    The projections to the frontal cortex from the various subdivisions of the posterior parietal region in the rhesus monkey were studied by means of autoradiographic technique. The rostral superior parietal lobule (area PE) projects to the dorsal areas 4 and 6 on the lateral surface of the frontal lobe as well as to the supplementary motor area. New imaging research is now emphasizing the great plasticity of the elderly brain. It shows that elderly brains can use new connections of wide ranging regions in unique ways to do cognitive tasks in different ways than young brains. In the young, left frontal cortex specializes in verbal information for .


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Connections of the frontal cortex of the monkey by Wendell J. S. Krieg Download PDF EPUB FB2

The frontal lobe in primates comprises three main sectors: motor cortex, premotor cortex, and the prefrontal region.

Whereas the premotor and motor cortical regions are closely related to motor programming and movement production per se, the prefrontal region is neither purely motor nor sensory but rather underlies higher-order control processes of cognition and emotion (e.g., Fuster, Cited by:   For assistance, please contact: AAN Members () or () (International) Non-AAN Member subscribers () or () option 3, select 1 Author: Marion Hines.

Additional Physical Format: Online version: Krieg, Wendell J.S. (Wendell Jordan S.), Connections of the frontal cortex of the monkey. Springfield, Ill., Thomas. Barbas H, Pandya DN (): Architecture and frontal cortical connections of the premotor cortex (area 6) in the rhesus monkey. J Comp Neurol – Google Scholar Barbas H, Pandya DN (): Architecture and intrinsic connections of the prefrontal cortex in the rhesus monkey.

@article{osti_, title = {Intrinsic connections and architectonics of posterior parietal cortex in the rhesus monkey}, author = {Pandya, D N and Seltzer, B}, abstractNote = {By means of autoradiographic and ablation-degeneration techniques, the intrinsic cortical connections of the posterior parietal cortex in the rhesus monkey were traced and correlated with a reappraisal of cerebral.

Its principal frontal corticocortical connections were with the prefrontal cortex in the shoulder above the principal sulcus and the cortex in the shoulder above the superior ramus of the arcuate sulcus (SAS), the area purported to contain the smooth eye movement‐related frontal eye field (FEFsem) in the cebus monkey by other investigators.

Maunsell, J. & Van Essen, D. () The connections of the Connections of the frontal cortex of the monkey book temporal visual area (MT) and their relationship to a cortical hierarchy in the macaque monkey.

Journal of Neuroscience 3: –Cited by: 7. The frontal cortex can be defined as the neocortex anterior to the motor somatosensory–cortex border. This is a large region in primates, containing areas involved directly or indirectly in the control of almost every behavior.

It has long been thought that the frontal cortex. The cognitive and behavioral functions of the frontal lobes have been of great interest to neuroscientists, neurologists, psychologists and psychiatrists. Recent technical advances have made it possible to trace their neuroanatomical connections more precisely and to conduct evoked potential and neuroimaging studies in patients.

This book presents a broad and authoritative synthesis of. The frontal lobe in primates comprises three main sectors: motor cortex, premotor cortex, and the prefrontal region. Whereas the premotor and motor cortical regions are closely related to motor programming and movement production per se, the prefrontal region is neither purely motor nor sensory but rather underlies higher-order processes of cognition and emotion (e.g., Fuster.

Petrides, M. Impairments on nonspatial self-ordered and externally ordered working memory tasks after lesions of the mid-dorsal part of the lateral frontal cortex of the monkey.

Neurosci. famous not only for his discovery of “ memory cells ” in the frontal lobe of the monkey, but also for his excellent books. Among them the most famous and infl uential is The Prefrontal Cortex.

I remember the fi rst edition of it back in It was a mere intellectual pleasure reading it. The book reviewed an amazing amount of data from. The cortical connectivity of the prefrontal cortex in the monkey brain.

Yeterian EH(1), Pandya DN, Tomaiuolo F, Petrides M. Author information: (1)Department of Psychology, Colby College, Waterville, MEUSA. [email protected] One dimension of understanding the functions of the prefrontal cortex is knowledge of cortical connectivity. The Prefrontal Cortex, Fifth Edition, provides users with a thoroughly updated version of this comprehensive work that has historically served as the classic reference on this part of the brain.

The book offers a unifying, interdisciplinary perspective that is lacking in other volumes written about the frontal lobes, and is, once again, written by the award-winning author who discovered. J.M.

Fuster, in Encyclopedia of Neuroscience, The prefrontal cortex is one of the last cortical regions to undergo full phylogenetic and ontogenetic development. It is profusely and reciprocally connected with subcortical and other cortical structures, notably the thalamus, the basal ganglia, the hypothalamus, the amygdala, the hippocampus, and cortices of association of the temporal and.

A previous DWI–DT study also highlighted other similarities between the estimated connection pattern for human LOFC and the pattern established in the macaque; Croxson et al. () reported that the uncinate fascicle had a higher probability of connection with the LOFC than with medial frontal cortex/ACC, or lateral prefrontal cortex in both.

The behavioral test used to study cells in the monkey frontal cortex is called the delayed response task (Figure A). Variants of this task are used to assess frontal lobe function in a variety of situations, including the clinical evaluation of frontal lobe function in humans.

In the delayed response task, the monkey watches an. Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex. The dorsolateral prefrontal cortex is a region of the frontal lobes that is most typically associated with executive functions including working memory and selective attention (Curtis & D'Esposito, ).

From: Genomics, Circuits, and Pathways in Clinical Neuropsychiatry, Related terms: Amygdala; Hippocampus. Which regions of the cerebral cortex are the origin of descending commands that influence internal organs. We used transneuronal transport of rabies virus in monkeys and rats to identify regions of cerebral cortex that have multisynaptic connections with a major sympathetic effector, the adrenal medulla.

In rats, we also examined multisynaptic connections with the kidney. In monkeys. The central nervous system (CNS) is arguably one of the most complex systems in the universe. To understand the CNS, scientists have investigated a variety of molecules, including proteins, lipids, and various small molecules.

However, one large class of molecules, noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs), has been relatively unexplored. ncRNAs function directly as structural, catalytic, or regulatory.

The question of the whether rodent and primate medial frontal cortex (MFC) share similar functional organization, and whether the rodent medial frontal cortex is functionally analogous to the primate lateral prefrontal cortex (LPFC) is a contentious issue.

Here, we probe this long-standing question by comparing whole-brain functional connectivity of the MFC in rodents, nonhuman primates.Barbas H., Pandya D.N. Patterns of connections of the prefrontal cortex in the rhesus monkey associated with cortical architecture.

In: Levin H.S., editor. Frontal Lobe function and Dysfunction. Oxford University Press; pp. 35–The function of frontal cortex in the programming of movement via circuits incorporating basal ganglia and cerebellum has been outlined in Chapters 5, 7 and 8.

The part played by the motor association cortex in the final organization of skilled movement, including speech and writing is described above.